Which Generator to Buy for an Energy Crisis?Ulvi
Every homeowner should have a generator. The sharp rise in energy prices and electricity shortages have caused many difficulties for Europeans. Power outages will become more frequent this winter, so you should consider getting a backup power source. Purchasing a generator is one of the ways to deal with the temporary lack of a centralized energy supply.
Energy shortages can lead to temporary power outages, so everyone should prepare for an energy crisis. We help you choose the best generator to survive power outages.
A Generator Helps in Case of Temporary Power Outages
The solution to the problem of temporary power outages is a generator that can produce electricity and power all your devices with it – from 2 to 20 hours.
A planned or temporary power outage is a method that allows you to limit and save the amount of electricity consumed. This method is used in case of a power plant accident or for various economic reasons (unpaid debts, problems with energy supply, lack of capacity). Usually, during power outages, the power supply is interrupted for several hours during the day. Stations can work in this mode for a week, a month or even longer.
A generator is similar to a thermal power plant. It is equipped with an internal combustion engine that drives the wire spool. Current occurs when the coil overcomes the limits of the magnetic field provided by the powerful magnets.
How to Choose a Generator for a Power Outage?
Generators divide into four main types according to the fuel they consume:
- diesel generator;
- gasoline generator;
- gas generator;
- combined generator.
The fuel for diesel generators is cheaper and consumed more slowly. In addition, diesel generators have a longer service life. Gasoline generators are quieter, more compact and cost less. Gas generators can be connected directly to the main pipeline or to gas cylinders. Also, they stand out for the longest service life. There are even combined gas-petrol and gas-diesel models.
There are also inverter generators, which convert the alternating current to direct current. Microprocessor, on the other side, controls the production and delivery of electricity. Such generators are attractive due to their small size and quiet operation, but they are sensitive to the smallest voltage drops and can quickly fail.
The Main Characteristics of Generators
When choosing a generator for power outages, we recommend focusing on a few key features.
The Power of the Generator
When purchasing a generator as a backup power source, first attention must be paid to the motor power, because the amount of current generated depends on it. The genrator’s power should not be less than the total power of the devices connected simultaneously.
- Up to 3 kW – allows you to start 1-2 economical household appliances such as a refrigerator, laptop or water pump – suitable for camping, a small private house or in case of emergency.
- Up to 5 kW – allows you to start almost any household appliance.
- Up to 7 kW – supplies the whole house with electricity, has a large tank capacity, but takes up a lot of space.
Number of Generator Phases
When choosing a generator, pay attention to the number of its’ phases. There are single-phase and three-phase models presented on the market. Some devices require three phases, but if there are none in the household, it is better to get a single-phase generator. Otherwise voltage problems may occur.
Generator Operating Time
Another essential factor is the volume of the tank. The bigger it is, the longer the generator will run. Generators cannot run continuously, so you should switch them off periodically to avoid breakdown.
Generator Starter Type
In case of a manual starter, you need to pull the handle to start the generator. These generators are cheaper and easier to use.
Models with an electric starter are equipped with a battery that starts the generator when the contacts are connected. To do this, the user must turn the key, press a button or plug in a relay. In the latter case, the generator starts automatically in the event of a power failure.
Generator Noise Level
Manufacturers indicate the noise level in decibels (dB), so you can estimate the effect of the generator on hearing in advance. For comparison: during a normal conversation, the sound is 40-50 dB, the noise level of a vacuum cleaner is about 80 dB, and the noise level of a jet engine is 100-110 dB. To reduce noise, place a special sound-absorbing housing on the generator.
The Best Generators for Power Outages
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